DNA – Vero African Green Monkey

DNA – Vero African Green Monkey Kidney Cells

  • African Green Monkey kidney cells are called VERO cells and are used in vaccines.
  • They were established from the kidney epithelial cells extracted from a normal adult African Green monkey.
  • Vero cells are a lineage of cells used in cell cultures and are susceptible to a wide range of viruses including polio, rubella, arboviruses and reoviruses.
  • The lineage was developed on  March 27, 1962, by Yasumura and Kawakita at the Chiba University in Chiba, Japan.
  • The original cell line was named “Vero” after an abbreviation of “Verda Reno”, which means “green kidney” in Esperanto, while “vero” itself means “truth” also in Esperanto.
  • In 1963, USA authorities decided to switch to African green monkeys to produce polio vaccine.
  • Several vaccines currently available in the United States were developed using animal cell strains, primarily using cells from African green monkeys.
  • These include vaccines against Japanese encephalitis, polio, rotavirus and smallpox.