DNA – Vero African Green Monkey Kidney Cells
- African Green Monkey kidney cells are called VERO cells and are used in vaccines.
- They were established from the kidney epithelial cells extracted from a normal adult African Green monkey.
- Vero cells are a lineage of cells used in cell cultures and are susceptible to a wide range of viruses including polio, rubella, arboviruses and reoviruses.
- The lineage was developed on March 27, 1962, by Yasumura and Kawakita at the Chiba University in Chiba, Japan.
- The original cell line was named “Vero” after an abbreviation of “Verda Reno”, which means “green kidney” in Esperanto, while “vero” itself means “truth” also in Esperanto.
- In 1963, USA authorities decided to switch to African green monkeys to produce polio vaccine.
- Several vaccines currently available in the United States were developed using animal cell strains, primarily using cells from African green monkeys.
- These include vaccines against Japanese encephalitis, polio, rotavirus and smallpox.